Isabgol (Psylliums), the common name in India for ovata, comes from the Persian words “isap” and “ghol” that mean horse ear, which is descriptive of the shape of the seed. In India the use of isabgol is as old as the Ayurveda System of Medicine. Psyllium seed is an agri-product of dried ripe seeds of plantago ovata. Psyllium husk comes from the crushed seeds of the plant, plantago ovata. Psyllium husk is an essential product mainly for its mucilage content Psyllium husk has a long history of use in traditional and herbal medicines in the Middle East, United States, Europe, India, and China.
In 1990s German health authorities approved the use of psyllium to reduce serum cholesterol levels. In 1998, the United States Food & Drug Administration (USFDA) authorized the use of health claim label in food and dietary supplements containing Psyllium (Sat-Isabgol). The major importing countries of psyllium husk and seeds are: USA, Canada, Japan, Germany, Italy, France, Britain, China, Korea, Malaysia and Taiwan.